• For Authors

The Korean Journal of Malacology (Korean J. Malacol), the journal owned and published by the Malacological Society of Korea, publishes original research on the Molluscs that is of high quality and of broad international interest. Studies whose scope bridges several areas of malacology are particularly encouraged, for example morphological, ecological, and medical aspect of mollusks. The Journal will not, in general, publish papers that are merely confirmatory, preliminary reports of partially completed or incompletely documented research, findings of as yet uncertain significance, or reports simply documenting well known processes in organisms or cell types not previously studied. Methodological studies will be considered only when some new result of biological significance has been achieved with the method. The criteria for acceptance of manuscripts are priority, scientific excellence, significance, and interest for the general readership. When manuscripts are accepted contingent on revision, only a single revised version will be considered, and it must be received within three months of the decision date. Otherwise the manuscript will be considered as a resubmission, requiring re-review.

Editorial Policy

Copyright Assignment

In consideration of the Malacological Society of Korea (MSK) taking action to review and edit my submission, undersigned authors, jointly and severally, hereby transfer, convey, and assign all right, title, and interest therein, including any and all copyrights in all forms and media now or hereafter known, to the MSK. The authors retain the nonexclusive right to use all or part of the article in future works of their own in a noncompeting way, provided proper copyright credit is given to the MSK. Should the MSK not publish the aforesaid submission, the MSK agrees to release its rights therein.

Authorship Responsibility

I, the undersigned author, certify that I have participated sufficiently in the intellectual content, the analysis of data, if applicable, and the writing of the article, to take public responsibility for it. I have reviewed the final version of the article, believe it represents valid work, and approve it for publication. As an author of this article, I certify that none of the material in the manuscript has been published previously, is included in another manuscript, or is currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. I also certify that the article has not been accepted for publication elsewhere, nor have I assigned any right or interest in the article to any third party.

For the policies on the research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, international standards for editors and authors

(http://publicationethics.org/international-standards-editors-and-authors) can be applied.

Submission of Manuscripts

Manuscripts should be submitted via the online manuscript central website (http://www.malacol.or.kr). Other correspondences can be sent by an e-mail to the editor, Dr. Jun-sang Lee, Institute of Environmental Research, Kangwon National University, 192-1 Hyoja- Dong, Chuncheon City, Gangwon-do 200-701, Korea (Tel :+82-33-250-7409, E-mail : malacol@naver.com / sljun@kangwon.ac.kr).

Author check list and Copyright transfer can be found during the submission process via homepage.

Prior to Publication

When submitting a manuscript, the authors should affirm that the material has neither been published nor submitted for publication elsewhere other than as an abstract that is less than 400 words in length and contains no figures. If any other form of publication has occurred or is contemplated, pdf or MS word format file(s) of such other publication should accompany the article submitted to the journal, and the authors should explain in a letter of submission how this publication relates to the submitted manuscript. This material will be sent with the manuscript to the reviewers, who will be asked to advise the editors whether there is overlap between the submitted article and the other material. For the articles received, the editor-in-chief shall appoint three examiners of same or similar major field of study for evaluation after gathering the opinions of  the Journal editors.

Manuscript Organization and Preparation

Length: The total length of a manuscript (including references and figure legends) should be fewer than 60,000 characters (not including spaces). There should be no more than 10 figures.

Conventions: For chemical nomenclature, follow the Subject Index of Chemical Abstracts. Capitalize trade names and give manufacturers' names and addresses. Biological species names should be italicized, and the first placed species name in a manuscript should be written generic name and species name. American spelling should be used throughout the manuscript. Please use symbol font for all Greek characters. Manuscripts should be divided into the following sections, each beginning on a new page: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References, Figure Legends, Tables.

Title Page: The title should be fewer than 100 characters (not including spaces). Provide the complete names of the institutions where the work was done, and the name, mailing address, telephone number, and e-mail address of the author to whom correspondence and proofs are to be sent. If a change of address is imminent, indicate the change and the date effective. Furnish a condensed title of not more than 45 characters for incorporation in the running title and no more than five key words.

Abstract: The abstract may be paragraphed and should give, in less than 400 words, a synopsis of the work reported- including materials, methods, and results - that is self explanatory and suitable for use without changes by abstracting services. Abstracts exceeding 400 words are subject to shortening in proof at the author's expense.

Nomenclature and systematic descriptions: Underline or italicize the names of genera, subgenera and species, but not those of higher taxa. All Latin specific names of all organisms should be followed by the authority when the name is first mentioned in the text or table. Generic names should be written out when first used in a paragraph.

Descriptions of new taxa and taxonomic revisions must comply with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

Systematic descriptions should follow the following format:

1) Genera and species headings in bold and centered.

2) 'new genus' or 'new species' used after new taxa, not in bold.

3) Subsidiary headings in italics to left: text continuing on same line, but separate paragraphs by blank line:

References: In the text, cite references by surname and year: Kim (1976); (Burch and Meier-Brook, 1966; Walker et al., 1965). Where the same author has more than one publication in a year, use lower case letters (i.e. 1989a, 1989b, etc.). Type references on a new sheet separate from the text; they should be listed alphabetically by first author's last name. Include all authors' names (do not use "et al."), year in parenthesis, complete article title, name of journal, volume number, and first and last page numbers. See Examples of References below. Abbreviate the names of journals are not permitted. Citations such as "submitted for publication," "in preparation," and "personal communication" should be included parenthetically in the text and must not appear in the References section. For personal communications and unpublished work, include

the investigator's written permission to use the material, if they are not an author on the manuscript. Unpublished work may not be cited in the Materials and Methods section. Citation of abstracts in the reference list is not permitted; these should be incorporated parenthetically into the text, giving the authors' names, meeting name and year, and abstract number.

Examples of References:

Journal articles

In case of two authors:

Webber, H.H. and Giese, A.C. (1989) Reproductive cycle and gametogenesis in the black abalone, Haliotis cracheroidii (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Marine Biolology, 24: 152-159.

In case of more than two authors:

Boolootian, R.A., Farmanfarmaina, A. and Giese, A.C. (1992) On the reproductive cycle and breeding habits of two western species of Haliotis. Biological Bulletin, 122(2): 183-192.

In case of "in press":

Chang, Y.J. and Lee, T.Y. (1982) Gametogenesis and reproductive cycle of the cockle, Fulvia mutica (Reeve). Bulletin of Korean Fisheries Society, in press.

Complete Books

Kwon, O.K., Park, G.M. and Lee, J.S. (1993) Coloured Shells of Korea. pp. 367-368, Academy Pub. Company. Seoul.

articles in Books

Kloos, H. and McCullough, F.S. (1987) Plant with recognized molluscicidal activity. In; Plant Molluscicides. (ed. by Mott, K.E.), pp. 45-108. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.

Articles in Proceedings

Turner, R.D. and Johnson, A.C. (1971) Biology of marine wood-boring molluscs. In Marine Borers, Fungi and Fouling Organisms of Wood. (ed. by Jones, E.B.G and Eltringham, S.K.). pp. 259-301. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris.

Tables. Tables on sheets separate from the text and make them self-contained and self-explanatory. Do not use vertical rules. Label each table at the top with a Roman numeral followed by the table title. Insert explanatory material and footnotes below the table. Designate footnotes by these symbols and in this order (reading horizontally across the table): *, , � ||, � **, , etc. Supply units of measure at the heads of the columns.


General Information: illustrations must be self-explanatory and cited in numerical order in the text. Indicate in the margin of the typescript the preferred location for figures. Type legends single-spaced and consecutively on a separate sheet. Arabic numerals should be used for figures and lower case letters for multiple parts of a single figure (e.g., Figs. 1a and 2c). Printed illustrations must not exceed The Journal page dimensions of 16 x 20 cm unless arrangement is made with the Managing Editor. Single-column figures must not exceed 8 x 20 cm. Under most circumstances, illustrations will be printed single column, and authors should bear this in mind when preparing figures. Illustrations composed of multiple pieces must be mounted on flexible mounting board. Micrographs should be planned so that they can be reproduced without reduction, or authors should indicate desired percentage reduction on the back of the figure. Plan labeling so that upon reduction the height of numbers and capital letters will be 1.75 mm and the lane width on gel photographs will be 3 mm. Figures may be reduced in size at the discretion of the production office. In general, micrographs should not exceed one-half page. Figures and legends should fit on the same page.

Micrographs: Limit the field of micrographs to the structures specifically discussed in the report. Place a tissue overlay over each micrograph, and on the overlay, circle lightly those areas for which the continuous tone should be most faithfully reproduced. Be sure that symbols and areas of special interest are not too close to the edges and that the corners are squared. Magnifications of figures are not permitted in the legends; authors must, on all prints, indicate scale used (μm or nm scale). Labeling should be sans serif style, 3-3.5 mm high.

Digital Images

Grayscale Art: Submitted digital halftones must have an image resolution of at least 300 dpi at publication size. To check the size and resolution of the image in Adobe Photoshop, select "Image Size" in the "Image" menu. Set the print size to the desired size of the image in the printed journal and make sure that the resolution at this size is above 300 dpi. Please submit in the TIFF format by selecting this choice in the format box of the "Save" dialog window. Make sure do not increase original resolution under 300 pixels, be sure this will not mean increasing the resolution of original illustrations.

Color Art: As above, resolution should be at least 300 dpi, dot gain 12%, and tonal range 2-98%. We can only use files in the CMYK format; make certain the hardcopy is created with the same CMYK format. Acceptable file formats are EPS or TIFF files (both must be openable in Adobe Photoshop). Although every attempt will be made to match the colors, software may not print uniformly across different platforms, and requests to rescan art to match color will be charged to the author.

Line Art: Line drawings should be submitted in an EPS or TIFF file format at 1,000 dpi (both must be openable in Adobe Photoshop) at publication size with all appropriate fonts (use only Times, Helvetica, Arial, or Symbol) included and saved to path or outline.

Color or Grayscale with Fonts or Lines: 1) Import grayscale or color image (minimum 600 dpi at publication size) into Adobe Photoshop Ⓡ (or similar program). (2) Crop the image. (3) In the "Layers" menu, select "New Layer." (4) Create labels in the new layer (make sure the anti-aliased box in the "Type Tool" window is not checked). (5) Save as a TIFF file.


A manuscript is generally reviewed by at least two peer reviewers qualified to evaluate the manuscript. All manuscripts are treated as confidential. An initial decision will normally be made within one month of receipt of a manuscript. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the Editor’s decision to accept, reject, or request revision of manuscripts. When the final revised manuscript is completely acceptable according to the KJM format and criteria, it is scheduled for publication in the next available issue.  Rejected papers will not be peer-reviewed again.

Manuscripts Accepted for Publication

A manuscript will be published within two months after receipt of the final and complete version. Authors can help maintain this publication time of a manuscript by promptly returning corrected page proofs to the production office.

Proofs: Page proofs are sent to the author, along with an Authors' Guide, which contains instructions on handling text and figure proofs. It also provides information on authors' charges for offprints and special services.

Offprints, Page and Plate Charges

There is a page charge of $18 for each page. Offprints charge is $25 for 50 copies, and additional offprints will charge $1 per copy (for offprints, please contact publishing company).

Forms of Publication

Original Papers: This form of publication represents original research articles on molluscs that is of high quality and of broad international interest.

Brief Communications: Short reports of original researches are accepted for publication.

Reviews: Invited or submitted review papers are accepted.

Book Reviews: Invited book reviews can be published.