Molecular Phylogeny of Veneridae (Bivalvia: Heteroconchia) on the Basis of Partial Sequences of Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase I
Jae Jin Kim, Sei Chang Kim and Hyun Chul Hong
Department of Biology and Medicinal Science, Paichai University, Daejeon 302-735, Korea
Partial sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) gene of veneroid clams were obtained to elucidate molecular phylogeny. A total of nine veneroids and one corbiculid were collected from southern and western sea of Korea. The mtCOI sequences of the clams obtained from the present study and three veneroids sequences from GenBank were analyzed by maximum parsimony and neighbor-joining methods. The subfamilies Samarangiinae, Dorsiniinae, Cyclinae, Meretricinae and Chioninae were monophyletic, but Pitarinae was paraphyletic. One transition and one transversion between Meretrix lusoria and M. petechialis were found. Three transitions and two transversions among two samples of Ruditapes philippinarum and a R. variegata were observed.
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