Intersexuality of Five Bivalves Species in Korea
Hyejin Kim, Mi Ae Jeon, Sun Mi Ju, Seung Wan Kang, Jae Won Kim, Yeon Gyu Lee and Jung Sick Lee
Department of Aqualife Medicine, Chonnam National University, Yeosu 59626, Korea Gyeongsangnam-Do Fisheries Resources Research Institute, Tongyeong 53080, Korea Gangwon Provincial College, Department of Marine Life Science, Gangneung 25425, Korea Facul
This research reports the intersexuality of bivalves, such as Crassostrea gigas, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Rupiditapes philippinarum, Gomphina veneriformis and Barnea davidi discovered during the process of investigating the ecological health status of coastal waters of Korea. In intersex ovaries, the opposite germ cells were observed either individually or in groups in the interfollicular space and inside the oogenic follicle. Oocytes in the intersex testis were at the previtellogenic or initial vitellogenic stage. They were either scattered individually or in groups in the interfollicular space and inside the spermatogenic follicle. The intersexuality in C. gigas was 10.4% (n = 19/183), while female (12.2%, n = 6/49) exhibited a higher proportion than male (9.7%, n = 13/134). The intersexuality in M. galloprovincialis was 31.7% (n = 19/60), while female (36.4%, n = 12/33) exhibited a higher proportion than male (25.9%, n = 7/27). The intersexuality in R. philippinarum was 11.2% (n = 11/98), while male (16.7%, n = 7/42) exhibited a higher proportion than female (7.1%, n = 4/56). The intersexuality in G. veneriformis was 28% (n=30/107), while male (31.5%, n=17/54) exhibited a higher proportion than female (24.5%, n=13/53). The intersexuality in B. davidi was 18.4% (n = 7/38), while female (35.7%, n =5 /14) exhibited a higher proportion than male (8.3%, n = 2/24).
  
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